ZIPPO™ BIAS CUT CLOTH BUFFING WHEELS

What does the term "BIAS-TYPE" Buff mean?

Zippo™ metal hub, cloth buffs are manufactured using high-count, heavyweight, industrial type cotton sheeting. Before this cloth is assembled into a buff, the fabric is first biased so that the woven threads are at a 45º angle to the periphery. This prevents cross threads from pulling out, it reduces fraying and raveling, and creates less buffing dust debris. The sectional view of figure No. 1. Illustrates how each individual thread in a bias-cut cloth buff is locked in as it travels from its anchor point at the buff hub to the outer surface. Wear occurs only on the ends of the cotton threads which cannot pull or rag out. Compare figure No. 1 with the sectional view of the conventional type buff in figure No. 2.   Note how readily the short cross threads at four different points around the circle can be frayed  and pulled out of the weave of the conventional buff in figure No. 2.

                                                                        

              (No. 1 Bias Cut)                                              (No. 2 Square Cut)

What are the advantages gained by bias construction?

BIAS-CUT-Prolongs buff life by greatly reducing fraying and raveling. Result: less buff cost, a cleaner operation, and buff change "down-time" is reduced to a minimum.

PUCKERED FACE
- A Zippo™ puckered face, with its many folds, heads up with a larger quantity of buffing compound and retains it longer. This reduces buff wear and compound consumption.

NO STREAKING - A Zippo™ puckered face cross buffs the work surface and provides a uniform buffed surface, free of buff separation streak lines on the work piece.

VENTILATION
- The ventilated steel center forces a constant stream of cool air between the buff sections for rapid heat dissipation. Result: a cooler operation; permits higher speeds and wider buff working faces; eliminates buff burning and scorching; produces cleaner and finer finishes with fewer passes

COMPENSATING DENSITY-Compensating density is built in: The hardness increases as the buff diameter is reduced through wear. This effect offsets the reduced efficiency that normally takes place at lower surface speeds when conventional buffs are reduced in diameter. Result: a consistent and uniform rate of "cutting and coloring" right down to the buff hub.

FINISH IRREGULAR SHAPES
- Built in resiliency and flexibility are inherent with bais construction. Result: Zippo™ Buffs flow easily into, over and around irregular shapes and surfaces.

WIDE SECTIONS - Extra thickness - Zippo™ Buffs are twice as wide as conventional type buffs. Result: you need only half as many sections for the same working face.

READY-TO-USE - Perfectly Balanced and Trimmed. Result: All Zippo™ Buffs are ready to mount on the spindle for immediate use.

Why is the Zippo™ Bias Cut Buff So Popular?

It is economical to produce and to use and it performs extremely well on most buffing operations. It is available in a wide selection of diameters, plies, cloth counts and densities.

What are the differences between Bias Cut Buffs?

While there are an infinite variety possible "Bias Cut" constructions, industry's normal requirements can be accommodated with basic densities called, medium duty and heavy duty. The apparent differences are created by the varying yardage content between each type. As the yardage content is increased it folds and compacts more solidly at the buff hub - forming heavier pleats that carry on out to the buff face. Obviously, the greater the yardage content - the greater are the number of pleats formed - and consequently - the harder the buff face becomes. Since the buff is the carrier for the buffing compound, which actually does the cutting - it is apparent that the aggressiveness of the buffing action and the life of the buff are directly related to the density of the buff face. In general, the high count and heavy weight 86/93 unbleached cloth is preferable. If additional buff stiffness is desired, specify 86/93 yellow treated cloth. The lower count and softer 64/68 sheeting is recommended only for mild cutting or high color buffing operations.

The product numbers listed on the following pages represent those that have proven popular. However, other styles can be furnished in 12, 14, 16, and 18 ply constructions. Details on these other constructions will be furnished upon request.
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Zippo™ Untreated Bias-Cut Cloth Buffs

TYPE "Z"

MEDIUM DUTY TYPES
(No. 2 Pack)

16 Ply 86/93 Untreated

A popular density. Recommended for average cut and color buffing operations on copper, brass, drawn and stamped aluminum, zinc die castings, stainless steel and plastics.

STYLE A-3216
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7001  6"  3"
 515-7002  8"  3"
 515-7004  10"  3"
 515-7005  12"  3"

STYLE A-5216
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7015  10"  5"
 515-7016  12"  5"
 515-7017  14"  5"
 515-7018  16"  5"
 515-7019  18"  5"

Style A-7216
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7030  14"  7"
 515-7031  16"  7"
 515-7032  18"  7"
 515-7033  20"  7"


HEAVY DUTY TYPES (No. 4 Pack)
16 Ply 86/93 Untreated

A heavy cutting buff with plenty of pucker to form a dense compound-retaining face.  Excellent for hard, fast cutting and long wearing qualities on hand or automatic machine buffing operations.

STYLE A-3416
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7050  6"  3"
 515-7051  8"  3"
 515-7053  10"  3"
 515-7054  12"  3"

STYLE A-5416
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7065  10"  5"
 515-7066  12"  5"
 515-7067  14"  5"
 515-7068  16"  5"
 515-7069  18"  5"

Style A-7416
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7080  14"  7"
 515-7081  16"  7"
 515-7082  18"  7"
 515-7083  20"  7"


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Zippo™ Golden Boy Mill Treated Bias-Cut Cloth Buffs

TYPE "YT"

MEDIUM DUTY TYPES (No. 2 Pack)

16 Ply 86/93 Yellow Treated

86/93: Cloth is pre-treated at the cloth mill. Mill Treatment is recommended when the buffing job requires a stiffer buff with a more aggressive polishing action than untreated buffs can provide. Treating also contributes to longer buff life.

STYLE A-3216 YT
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7006  6"  3"
 515-7007  8"  3"
 515-7009  10"  3"
 515-7010  12"  3"

STYLE A-5216 YT
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7020  10"  5"
 515-7021  12"  5"
 515-7022  14"  5"
 515-7023  16"  5"
 515-7024  18"  5"

STYLE A-7216 YT

Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7034  14"  7"
 515-7035  16"  7"
 515-7036  18"  7"
 515-7037  20"  7"


HEAVY DUTY TYPES  (No. 4 Pack)
16 Ply 86/93 Yellow Treated

86/93: Cloth is pre-treated at the cloth mill. Mill Treatment is recommended when the buffing job requires a stiffer buff with a more aggressive polishing action than untreated buffs can provide. Treating also contributes to longer buff life.

STYLE A-3416 YT
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7055  6"  3"
 515-7056  8"  3"
 515-7058  10"  3"
 515-7059  12"  3"

STYLE A-5416 YT
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7070  10"  5"
 515-7071  12"  5"
 515-7072  14"  5"
 515-7073  16"  5"
 515-7074  18"  5"

STYLE A-7416 YT
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7084  14"  7"
 515-7085  16"  7"
 515-7086  18"  7"
 515-7087  20"  7"
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Zippo™ Untreated Bias-Cut Cloth Buffs

TYPE "ABZ"


MEDIUM DUTY TYPES
(No. 2 Pack)
16 Ply -64/68 Cloth Buffs- Untreated
The lower count and softer 64/68 sheeting is recommended for Mild cutting or high color buffing operations.
STYLE AB-3216
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7150  6"  3"
 515-7151  8"  3"
 515-7153  10"  3"
 515-7154  12"  3"

STYLE AB-5216
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7165  10"  5"
 515-7166  12"  5"
 515-7167  14"  5"
 515-7168  16"  5"
 515-7169  18"  5"

Style AB-7216
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7184  14"  7"
 515-7185  16"  7"
 515-7186  18"  7"
 515-7187  20"  7"
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Zippo™ Soft Yellow Mill Treated Bias-Cut Cloth Buffs

TYPE "ABYT"


MEDIUM DUTY TYPES
(No. 2 Pack)
16 Ply -64/68 Yellow Treated


64/68: Cloth is pre-treated at the cloth mill. Mill Treatment is recommended when the buffing job requires a stiffer buff with a more aggressive polishing action than untreated buffs can provide. Treating also contributes to longer buff life. STYLE AB-3216 YT
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7155  6"  3"
 515-7156  8"  3"
 515-7158  10"  3"
 515-7159  12"  3"

STYLE AB-5216 YT

Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7170  10"  5"
 515-7171  12"  5"
 515-7172  14"  5"
 515-7173  16"  5"
 515-7174  18"  5"

STYLE AB-7216 YT
Product Number
Buff Diameter
I/D of Hub 
 515-7184  14"  7"
 515-7185  16"  7"
 515-7186  18"  7"
 515-7187  20"  7"
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Zippo™ Bias-Cut Cloth Buffs

TYPE "DC" 14 PLY

Made using 1-1/2” inside diameter permanent center hubs, with Bias-Cut Industrial cotton cloth.
Use on Bench Grinders, Flexible Shafts and Portable Tools.
Product Number Buff Diameter Style Number Standard Arbor Hole Size
515-162 4" DC-400 1/2"
515-163 5" DC-500 1/2"
515-7201 6" DC-600 1/2" or 5/8"
515-7202 7" DC-700 5/8"
515-7203 8"
DC-800 5/8"
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Zippo™ Bias-Cut Yellow Mill Treated Cloth Buffs

TYPE "DC-YT" 14 PLY

"YT" Yellow cloth has been mill starched treated to stiffen the fabric. This provides a more aggressive polishing action and longer life than untreated cloth buffs can provide.
Product Number Buff Diameter Style Number Standard Arbor Hole Size
515-7210 4" DC-400 YT
1/2"
515-7211 5" DC-500 YT
1/2"
515-7212 6" DC-600 YT
1/2" or 5/8"
515-7213 7" DC-700 YT
5/8"
515-7214 8"
DC-800 YT
5/8"

When ordering, specify: Product Number, Diameter, Arbor Hole Size and Quantity
Type "DC" Buffs have dual metal center plates with an inside Diameter of 1-1/2".
This limits the Outer Diameter size of arbor holes.

Arbor hole size 3/4", 1" and 1-1/4" can be supplied on special order with a minimum requirement of 25 Sections.

Formax Manufacturing Corporation · 168 Wealthy St. S.W. · Grand Rapids, MI 49503
Toll Free: (800) 242-2833 · Phone: (616) 456-5458 · Fax: (616) 456-7507

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